non-specific complaints to a heart attack symptoms of a heart attack

heart attack remains the leading cause of death in Germany. Many heart attack-related deaths can be avoided however when the person concerned in good time in treatment. It’s very important that the symptoms be interpreted correctly, because not always a sharp chest pain indicates an attack. A chief physician of Cardiology informs about lesser-known symptoms, which may indicate an acute myocardial infarction.

“for women as for men: they hesitate when a heart attack or acute chest pain too long with the emergency call 112, they risk their lives”, warns the German Heart Foundation. Any delay will increase the risk that a sudden cardiac fibrillation occurs. As a result, Sufferers will swoon and a few minutes later the sudden cardiac death occurs. Also, a larger part of the heart muscle could be irreparably destroyed by long hesitation. Patients develop a not curable heart weakness in the case. “When a heart attack every minute counts therefore”, stresses the heart Foundation.

also non-specific symptoms such as upper abdominal pain can indicate a heart attack. Severe chest pain are not more so intensely perceived especially in older people. (Image: anetlanda/fotolia.com)

older women hesitate the longest with the emergency call

according to the “MEDEA study” of the German Center for heart cardiovascular research (DZHK) particularly women over the age of 65 hesitate very long with the emergency. This age group take an average of four and a half hours between the attack and the treatment in the emergency room. Three hours in men over the age of 65 are three and a half hours, with younger men and women under the age of 65 are two and a half hours.

why hesitate longer the emergency call older people?

heart attack symptoms in older persons, especially in women, are often non-specific. “Many heart attack-related deaths among women have avoided the heart attack symptoms would correctly interpreted – and gained valuable time”, underlines Professor Dr. med. Christiane Tiefenbacher, Chief of cardiology at the Marien-hospital Wesel, in a press release. In particular sometimes lack strong pain in the rib cage often distract from the fact that it’s a heart attack. Worse to come, that older women live more often alone and no one calls the ambulance for them in an emergency.

non-specific symptoms of heart attack recognize “The lack of chest pain is an age effect that is found also in men”, the Herzspezialistin reported. Heart attack sufferers are older, the sooner is the likelihood that Act No chest pain. Instead, the elderly persons concerned report often from:

heart attack symptoms are often as upset stomach suggested

how the Professor reported the complaints are perceived less intense with age. Back pain in the background, instead appear increasingly non-specific symptoms such as abdominal pain and nausea in the foreground. “These are often incorrectly interpreted by the affected women as harmless indigestion”, warns Dr. med. Taka. The doctor advises older people to call the emergency services even when these symptoms and heart attack is suspected. In addition there is also the possibility to connect to a home alarm system, the helper service, the Knights Hospitaller, the Arbeiter-Samariter-Bund, or the German Red Cross will offered for example by the Maltese.

risk factors for heart attack

“in addition to smoking diabetes, Dyslipidemia, hypertension, obesity, lack of exercise and stress are among the risk factors for a heart attack”, writes the German Heart Foundation. In women the risk for a heart attack increase to around ten years after menopause, since up to menopause the coronary arteries by the sex hormone estrogen are relatively well protected.

special care with coronary heart disease

according to the heart specialist called coronary heart disease (CHD) is almost always a heart attack. At the KHK narrow the coronary arteries, which supply the heart with blood. Grease and limescale deposits clog the vessels more and more, until it comes to the closure. “The best protection against heart attack is and remains a healthy lifestyle”, the chief physician is recommended. Moreover, older people should regularly check their heart and perceive the planned screening. If a CHD is detected early and treated, a heart attack in many cases could be prevented. (vb)